Higher proportion of affordable homes in new starts and completions statistics

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HOUSING programmes delivered by Homes England saw an overall increase in starts and completions in 2019-20 compared to the previous year, according to new official statistics.

Last year there were 47,965 new houses started on site and 40,452 houses completed between 1 April 2019 and 31 March 2020.

Three-quarters (75 percent) of starts were for affordable homes, with the proportion up from two-thirds (67 per cent) from the previous year.

Housing Minister Rt Hon Christopher Pincher MP commented: “We are determined to ensure all have access to good quality housing and building green, well-designed homes is at the heart of this Government’s mission to support people in every part of the country.

“These figures show Homes England starting the highest number of affordable homes in a decade and a doubling of new social rent homes, meaning many thousands of jobs have been supported too.

“And more homes will be coming as we invest £12 billion to deliver up to 180,000 new affordable homes for families across the land.”

Homes England programmes are funded by central government to enable private registered providers, house builders, community groups and local authorities to deliver affordable housing.

Market starts – housing built for sale at market rates – were down by 21 per cent on the previous year.

Fluctuations in the number of market starts and completions between periods reflects the nature of the programmes, with different types and sizes of sites starting at different times with varying build-out rates.

These latest figures show the highest overall level of starts since official figures were first published in 2009-10, and the highest overall level of completions for five years. Total starts for the previous year (2018-19) were 45,970 with 40,350 completions.

The drop in affordable completions is a result of delivery of different and overlapping funding streams. Delivery through the 2015-18 AHP is tapering off as allocations complete, while the launch of SOAHP 2016-21 is now seeing increasing delivery.

Overall completions are likely to be have been reduced by the impact of COVID-19 on house building in March, when there has historically been an increased rate of completions very close to year end.

Of the starts on site, three-quarters (35,809 or 75%) were for affordable homes, a 17 per cent increase on 2018-19.

These are the highest numbers of affordable home starts for ten years.

Of the housing completions, 28,261 (70%) were for affordable homes, which is a 2 per cent decrease on 2018-19.

A total of 17,015 affordable homes started in 2019-20 were for Affordable Rent – down 4 per cent on the previous year.

There were 11,656 starts under schemes including Shared Ownership and Rent to Buy – up 1 per cent on last year.

There were 4,739 starts defined as “Affordable Tenure TBC” homes, where the ultimate tenure category is not known until completion.

The remaining 2,399 were for Social Rent, a 91 per cent increase on the previous 12 months, following the reintroduction of Social Rent as an eligible tenure for grant funding by the government, which took effect in July 2018.

Of the affordable homes completed, 16,863 were for Affordable Rent – representing an 11 per cent decrease on the previous year, whereas the 9,920 completed under affordable housing schemes including Shared Ownership and Rent to Buy represent a 12 per cent increase on 2018-19.

There were 1,478 Social Rent completions, up 49 per cent on the previous year.

Simon Dudley, Interim Chair of Homes England, added: “We are pleased to see that the proportion of affordable homes increased significantly last year, and that increased government funding has led to a big increase in the social rent start figures.

“We don’t know the precise impact of the lockdown on completions last year, but we do know COVID-19 is having a major impact on the housing sector and the wider economy in the current year.

“So it has been really encouraging to see work on site starting to pick up again.

“We welcome the Prime Minister’s recent commitment to building more homes and the additional £450m secured for the Home Building Fund underlines our determination to support SMEs.”