A ‘REVOLUTIONARY’ smart energy grid seeks to provide low carbon and low cost transport, power and heat to a total of 12,500 homes in the London Borough of Islington and Sandwell in the West Midlands.
GreenSCIES (Green Smart Community Integrated Energy Systems), is a collection of 16 business partners including London South Bank University, Transport for London and the London Borough of Islington.
Graeme Maidment, Professor of Heating and Cooling in the School of Engineering at London South Bank University and Director of GreenSCIES consortium, commented on the scheme: “GreenSCIES provides a brilliant opportunity to deliver low carbon energy in urban areas.
“This fantastic consortium will develop new systems and business models to provide fairer access to low cost and low carbon energy supply for local residents in inner cities – many of whom are fuel poor.
“We will also investigate policy models and strategies to optimise their adoption at local, national and international levels.”
Cleverly concealed underground, the grid – which has currently reached design stage – will help to power inner cities of the future, revolutionising the way we live now and transforming lives, homes and businesses into sustainable energy districts, while tackling fuel poverty and the negative effects of climate change.
When constructed, GreenSCIES systems will deliver low carbon heat, mobility and power to an estimated 33,000 residents and nearly 70 local businesses in Islington.
Councillor Rowena Champion, Islington Council’s executive member for environment and transport, said: “We are proud to be part of the GreenSCIES consortium, developing new and innovative ways to tackle a host of issues we face, not only here in Islington, but in cities and urban areas across the world.
“Harnessing waste heat from data centres and other urban sources is an inspired approach to not only help reduce fuel poverty for thousands of people, but also increase the share of journeys taken using zero-carbon transport, while helping Islington achieve its target of being a net carbon zero borough by 2030.”
The new smart energy grid will help to reduce carbon emissions by an estimated 80% (against conventional systems) while addressing fuel poverty by providing ‘a significant reduction’ on consumer bills.
The system will also deliver large reductions in pollutants while improving provision of local skills training and job prospects, helping to invigorate local economies.
As a fifth-generation energy network, GreenSCIES ‘goes further than previous projects in the UK.’
The system works by sharing heating and cooling between buildings, to ensure a balanced energy supply across the network.
Waste heat is captured from secondary heat sources – including offices, local data centres and the public transport network.
The temperature of the waste heat is then raised or cooled using heat pumps before being distributed to homes, businesses and communities, all year round.
By drawing on waste heat produced by data centres that support the Internet, the smart grid will channel energy from the Internet to power homes, offices and transport networks of the future.
The smart energy network will generate power from renewable energy sources while connecting to the electricity grid and to electric vehicles.
It will use artificial intelligence controls to connect flexible electricity demands from heat pumps and electric vehicles to intermittent renewable sources, including solar power – delivering clean, locally produced energy while reducing pollution and supporting a transition to low carbon transport.
The engineering science behind GreenSCIES has been developed by the GreenSCIES consortium – including a number of Small and Medium sized enterprises, under the umbrella InnovateUK and funded by UK Research and Innovation through the Government’s Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund.
David Richardson, Innovation Lead for Energy Systems at UK Research and Innovation, said: “The GreenSCIES team have developed an innovative approach to the design of heat networks.
“They have formed a broad and diverse team which is working effectively towards solving a complex challenge – which is a difficult thing to do.
“I’m confident that this project will provide a leap towards Islington’s net-zero ambitions. Hopefully it will also prove that the design can be successfully replicated across the UK. GreenSCIES is definitely one to watch.”
In future, GreenSCIES plans to establish a new Centre of Excellence that will work with industry to carry out in-depth research and disseminate results globally.
The Centre will ensure that the benefits of GreenSCIES systems are achieved in the widest possible range of locations, where a mix of energy supplies and demand patterns vary significantly, and over time.
The consortium plans to research how GreenSCIES could be replicated both in the UK and elsewhere, by looking at the introduction of new business models and policy interventions.